First Conference on Poultry Farming
The Nile Ritz-Carlton
First Conference on Poultry Farming 2016
The Nile Ritz-Carlton
A Promising Industry Facing Many Challenges Poultry farming is one of the key elements in ensuring food security, as one of the least expensive sources of protein for Egyptians with a capacity to absorb the exponentially growing demand for food in light of the population growth and the high cost of importing most other protein sources. Poultry farming witnessed severe declines since 2006, following the spread of the bird flu virus in Egypt. Egypt became a poultry importing country, amid many crises facing the industry, having previously been a major producer and exporter of poultry to about 32 countries. Poultry farming suffers from the lack of a strategic vision, and weak coordination between the government, the poultry sector and the Union of Poultry Producers. In addition, it is affected a decline in complementary industries and related services. The Egyptian feed industry is dependent on the importation of 90% of its production inputs, allowing the global market control over domestic product prices. Further, the laws governing the poultry sector have not been updated for decades. In addition, a number of incentive laws exist, but have not been activated yet, such as the ban on trading live poultry, issued by the Minister of Agriculture in 2009. The reduction of customs on imports from 60% in 2009 to 30% in 2012 also led to a peak in imports from 49,000 tonnes to 130,000 tonnes in 2012. Investments in the poultry sector are estimated at approximately EGP 25bn in the domestic market. However, the sector suffers from poor organisation, as about 70% of poultry farms are unlicensed due to the difficulty of licensing procedures. The infrastructure of the Egyptian poultry sector is conducive to high growth rates, given that the issues afflicting the sector are resolved. Farms are operating at less than 50% of their production capacity, while feed mills are operating at only 65% capacity, and slaughterhouses are operating at 20%. Numerous countries have recorded high growth rates in the poultry sector in a short period of time, such as Turkey, which managed to be the seventh largest producer of poultry in the world within only 10 years. Iran also occupies the fifth place, as well as Ukraine, South Africa and others, having developed this sector to become one of their top producers. In doing so, they succeeded in reducing production costs and the product prices, allowing them to turn into exporting countries.